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    1.

    1.1.

    [automated system]
    [computer-aided design (CAD)]
    [automatic system]
    , [automation]
    [adaptive system]
    [adaptivity]
    [target]
    , [public domain, freeware]
    [data interlock]
    [data input]
    / [input-output]
    [embedded system]
    [build-in computer]
    [input data]
    [output data]
    [computer system]
    [computer science, computing machinery]
    , () [computer complex, multiple computer complex]
    [calculation process]
    () [computer center]
    [dialog]
    [dialog system, conversational system]
    [distribution kit]
    [document]
    [stockholders]
    [data protection]
    [copy protection]
    [default value]
    [redundancy]
    - [programmer-engineer]
    [initialization]
    [initiation]
    [interactive computer system]
    - () [information computer center]
    [data source]
    [program complex, routine set]
    [computer]
    , [computer platform, platform]
    [end user]
    [quality assurance (QA)]
    [concept search]
    PAKEP [cracker]
    [stemming]
    [multimedia]
    [global positioning satellite (GPS)]
    , , [software piracy, piracy]
    [unauthorized access, illegal access]
    [data processing]
    [operator]
    [support]
    [search by field]
    [data search]
    [keyword search]
    , [backtracking]
    [search engine]
    [full-text search engine]
    [client, user]
    [domain]
    - [domain specific]
    () [data (message) sink]
    [program]
    [programmer]
    , [program product, software]
    [alias]
    [speech analysis, speech recognition]
    [standby]
    [device allocation]
    [relevancy]
    [spider, grawler, bot, robot]
    , [authoring system]
    [automatic control system]
    , [multi-access system]
    [system administrator]
    [software engineer]
    [system programmer, software programmer, toolsmith]
    [program product maintenance, support]
    - [stop words]
    [hard copy]
    [technology]
    PLUG AND PLAY [plug and play]
    [legacy]
    [control signal]
    - [Shareware]
    [hacker]
    (), [computer]
    [electronic document]

    1.2.

    [arithmetic shift]
    [archive] [audiovisual]
    , [audio data, audio information]
    [binary operation]
    [Boolean algebra] [vector]
    , [video data, video information]
    [virtual]
    [graphic information, graphic data]
    [data]
    [dyadic operation]
    [natural language]
    [request, query]
    [character, symbol]
    [value]
    [hierarchy]
    [implication]
    [import]
    [invert]
    [interface]
    [informatics, computer science]
    [information system]
    [information environment]
    [information technology]
    [information word]
    [information]
    , [artificial intelligence, machine intelligence]
    [source data]
    [cybernetics]
    , [column]
    [concatenation]
    [programming lexicon]
    , "", [logical addition, logical "OR", dizj unction]
    , "", [logical multiplication, logical "AND", conjunction]
    [metadata]
    [Turing machine]
    , [exchange]
    [query processing]
    [information processing]
    [relation, relationship] [concurrency]
    [parallel computing, parallel calculations]
    [parallel algorithm]
    [data flow, dataflow, data stream]
    [instruction stream]
    [descendant]
    [ancestor]
    , [converter]
    [software]
    [software]
    [protocol] [message]
    , , [data sorting, sort]
    [erase]
    [text]
    [current state]
    [delete]
    [digital signature]
    [scrambler, encipherer, encoder, encryptor]
    , [enciphering, encoding, encryption]
    , [secret key enciphering, secret key encryption, symmetric enciphering, symmetric encryption]
    , [open key enciphering, open key encryption, RSA enciphering, RSA encryption]

    1.3.

    [parity bit]
    , [data block, block]
    [right significant digits]
    [videocodec]
    [vocoder]
    [octal number system]
    [octal number]
    [binary number system]
    [binary-coded representation]
    [binary number]
    [binary code]
    [binary digit, bit]
    [double word]
    [decimal number system]
    [decimal representation]
    [number range]
    , [significant digit]
    [code]
    [character encoding]
    , RLL- [limited run-length encoding (RLL encoding)]
    [code page]
    -, [compressor-decompressor, codec]
    , , [parity check]
    [fractional part, fraction]
    [mask]
    [computer zero]
    [modified alternative code]
    [normalized form]
    [normalized number]
    [overflow, jverrun]
    [positional number system]
    , [data field, field]
    [floating-point number representation]
    [exponent]
    [data representation]
    [floatingpoint representation]
    [capacity]
    , [data compression, data compaction]
    [character, symbol]
    [number system]
    [word]
    [pack]
    [data formatting]
    [digit]
    [digital data form]
    [numeric code]
    [hexadecimal number system]
    , [data item, item]

    1.4.

    [American standard code for information interchange (ASCII)]
    EISA [extended industry standard architecture (EISA)]
    [association for computing machinery (ACM)]
    , VESA, VESA [Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA)]
    MPEG, , [Moving Pictures Expert Group (MPEG)]
    , JPEG [Joint Pictures Entertainment Group (JPEG)]
    () [European Particle Physics Laboratory, : Conseil Europeen pour la Recherche Nucleaire (CERN)]
    , , , IETF [Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)]
    ( ) [Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)]
    [software engineering institute (SEI)]
    , ISDN [integrated services digital network (ISDN)]
    - , FDDI [fiber distributed data interface (FDDI)]
    [CODASYL]
    WORLD WIDE WEB [World Wide Web Consortium (WWWC, W3C)]
    , OMG [object management group (OMG)]
    [Personal Computer Memory Card International Association (PCMCIA)]
    [International Standards Organization (ISO)]
    [Consultative Committee International for Telephone and Telegraph (CCITT)]
    [International Telecommunication Union (ITU)]
    OSI/ISO, [International Organization for Standardization/Open System Interconnection model (OSI/ISO model)]
    , [capability maturity model (CMM)]
    , EISA [extended industry standard architecture (EISA)]
    [session layer]
    [network layer]
    IrDA [Infrared Data Association (IrDA)]
    , NDIS [network device interface specification (NDIS)]
    EDI [electronic data interchange (EDI)]
    .323 [H.323]
    IEEE [IEEE standards]
    RFC [RFC standards, RFC documents]
    ADPCM [ADPCM]
    MIME [MIME]
    MPEG [MPEG]
    UNICODE [Unicode]
    XMI [XML Metadata Interchange]
    [Internacional Telecommunication Union Telecommunication standardization sector (ITU-T)]
    [transport layer]
    , USB [universal serial bus (USB)]
    , MAC [media access control (MAC)]
    , LLC [logical link control (LLC)]
    , [data link layer]
    , [application layer]
    [Free Software Foundation (FSF)]
    AVI [Audio Video Interleave (AVI)]
    BMP [format BMP ( . bitmap) (BMP)]
    GIF, [graphics interchange format (GIF)]
    JPEG [format JPEG (JPEG)]
    MPEG [format MPEG (MPEG)]
    PCX [format PCX (PCX)]
    RTF, [rich text format (RTF)]
    TIFF, [tagged image file format, format TIFF, TIFF]
    [paper size]

    1.5.

    [bit]
    [baud]
    () [hertz (Hz)]
    , [gigabyte]
    , [GigaFLOPS GFLOPS]
    [inch, "]
    [functional point (FP)]
    (, , ) [kilobyte (Kbyte, Kb, )]
    (/) [Kilobit per second (Kbit/s)]
    () [kilohertz (kHz)]
    [pixels per inch (ppi)]
    [dots per inch (DPI)]
    (, , ) [megabyte]
    (/) [megabytes per second (MBps)]
    (/) [megabits per second (Mbps, Mbit/s)]
    () [megahertz (MHz)]
    , [MegaFLOPS, MFLOPS]
    (, ) [microsecond (mcsec)]
    [million instructions per second (MIPS)]
    (, ) [nanosecond (nsec)]
    [point]
    [twip]
    , , [terabyte ()]
    , [TeraFLOPS, TFLOPS]
    [floating-point operations per second (FLOPS)]
    [lines of code (LOC)]

    2.

    2.1.

    [adapter]
    PCMCIA [PCMCIA-adapter]
    [analog data form]
    [analog device]
    , [analog signal, continuous signal]
    - () [analog-to-digital converter]
    , [hardware]
    [hardware interrupt]
    , [hardware]
    [hardwired]
    , [hardware block, block]
    [hardware key]
    [hardware, equipment]
    [computer architecture]
    , [von Neumann architecture]
    [control block]
    , [front-end processor]
    [performance, speed]
    , [computer speed, computer performance]
    [video system]
    [loop time] , [decoder] [disk]
    , [hard disk]
    [memory hierarchy, storage hierarchy]
    () [integrated circuit]
    , [Flynn classification]
    MPEG [MPEG-codec]
    -, [coder-decoder, codec]
    , UMA- [uniform memory access computer, UMA-computer]
    [controller]
    [hard disk controller]
    [configuration]
    [configuration]
    [local bus]
    [mother board]
    [chip, microcircuit]
    , [mean time between failures (MTBF)]
    [equipment]
    , [computer peak performance]
    [circuit board, circuit card]
    [original equipment manufacturer (OEM)]
    [device profile]
    [signal]
    [bus]
    [system block]
    [slot]
    COKET [socket]
    [timer, timer clock]
    , [loop, loop time]
    [clock rate]
    , [device, unit]
    [interface device]
    [computer functional diagram]
    [functional device, functional unit]
    () [digital-to-analog converter (DAC)]
    [bus]
    [data bus]
    VLB, VESA [VESA local bus (VLB)]
    [integrated circuit]
    [add-on]
    [electronic circuit]
    , [digital signal, discrete signal]

    2.2.

    - , [hybrid computer]
    - [Beowulf cluster]
    [hand-held PC (HPC)]
    [build-in computer]
    , [computer]
    , [massively parallel processors system, system]
    , [computer cluster, cluster]
    , [heterogeneous computer system]
    , [host computer, host]
    [calculator]
    [cluster computer system]
    , CISC- [complex instruction set computer (CISC)]
    , RISC- [reduced instruction set computer (RISC)]
    [laptop]
    [metacomputer]
    [microcalculator]
    [microcomputer]
    , [multiprocessor computer]
    [mobile computer, mobile PC]
    [mainframe]
    [desktop computer]
    [notebook]
    [personal digital assistant (PDA)]
    [parallel computer]
    - [pen computer]
    , (, ) [personal computer (PC)]
    IBM- (IBM-) [personal IBM-compatible computer (IBM PC)]
    [computer generations]
    [portable computer]
    , SMP- [symmetric multi processor computer, SMP-computer]
    , [supercomputer]
    [transputer]
    () [digital computer]
    [digital device]
    [host computer, host]
    MIMD- [MIMD-computer]
    MISD- [MISD-computer]
    SIMD- [SIMD-computer]
    SISD- [SISD-computer]
    SMP- [SMP-computer]

    2.3.

    CISC [complex instruction set computing (CISC)]
    RISC [reduced instruction set computing (RISC)]
    [vector instruction, array instruction]
    [vector processor]
    [cycles per instruction (CPI)]
    [protected mode]
    [floating-point processor, mathematical coprocessor, math coprocessor]
    [array processor]
    [microinstruction]
    [micro program]
    [microprogramming]
    [micro program store, control memory]
    [microprocessor]
    [slave mode]
    [back-end processor, postprocessor]
    [processor]
    [processor unit]
    , VLIW- [very large instruction word processor, VLlW-processor]
    () [digital signal processor (DSP)]
    [multimedia extension processor (MMX processor)]
    POWERPC [power performance chip, PowerPC (PPC)]
    [real mode]
    [instruction set]
    [coprocessor]
    [accumulator]
    [super scalar architecture]
    [superscalar processor]
    [MultiMedia Extension (MMX)]
    [control unit (CU)]
    () [central processing unit (CPU)]

    2.4.

    [address]
    [addressing]
    [instruction address]
    [address bus]
    [CPU address space]
    [address register]
    [source address]
    [base address]
    , [base register]
    , , [memory bank, bank, memory section]
    [memory block, storage block]
    [buffer]
    [buffering]
    , [buffer memory, buffer]
    [vector register, V-register]
    [upper memory blocks, UMB]
    [video memory, video RAM, video storage]
    [backing storage, external memory]
    [Internal memory]
    [fetching]
    [effective address, executive address]
    , [dynamic storage area]
    [add-in memory]
    , [memory capacity]
    , , [register capacity, register length, register size]
    () [storage device]
    , [indexed addressing]
    , , , [index register, -register]
    , [information capacity]
    [effective (executive) address]
    [cluster]
    -, CMOS- [CMOS memory, CMOS RAM]
    --, -, CMOS- [complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS)]
    [indirect addressing]
    [caching]
    [write-back caching]
    [write-through caching]
    - [cache memory]
    , [logical address, virtual address]
    [logical record]
    [mass storage]
    [memory circuit]
    [memory module]
    [address relocation]
    [immediate operand]
    [paged pool]
    [storage area]
    [zero Ming]
    [shareable memory, shared memory]
    [main memory, main storage]
    IBM- [IBM-PC main memory]
    [main memory, main storage]
    [lazy write]
    [relative address]
    [expanded memory]
    [memory, storage, store]
    , [random access memory (RAM)]
    [memory, storage, store]
    [sequential access, serial access]
    () [read only memory (ROM)]
    [prefix]
    [even parity]
    , [direct addressing, immediate addressing]
    [direct access]
    , [pool]
    [work area, workspace]
    , [partition]
    [division, partition]
    , [shareable memory, shared memory]
    [allocate memory]
    [extended memory (XMS)]
    [register]
    , [address register]
    [base register]. To ,
    [instruction register]
    [nonpaged pool]
    -, [cache flushing]
    [segmentation]
    , [memory segment]
    [memory management system]
    [displacement, offset]
    , [memory page, page]
    [careful write]
    [physical record]
    [physical storage]
    [physical address]
    [switching memory, flip-flops]
    , , [electronic disk, virtual disk, RAM disk]
    [cell]

    2.5. /

    - [alpha channel]
    [video terminal]
    [rendering]
    , IDE [integrated drive electronics, integrated device electronics (IDE)]
    , [data output, output]
    / [read-write head]
    [graphics adapter]
    , [graphics coprocessor, graphics accelerator]
    [joystick]
    [disk drive]
    [display]
    , [liquid crystal display (LCD)]
    [writing, record]
    [character generator]
    [font reticle]
    [intelligent terminal]
    [infrared interface, Ir interface]
    [infrared port, Ir port]
    [calibration, tuning]
    /, [input-output channel, channel]
    [keyboard]
    [console]
    , , - () [line printer (LPT)]
    [monitor]
    [mouse]
    () [floppy disk drive]
    () [magnetic tape storage]
    () [magnetic disk storage]
    [device access]
    [parallel port]
    [stylus]
    , [seek]
    [port]
    [serial port]
    CD-ROM [CD-ROM drive, CD drive]
    [resolution]
    [light pen]
    [touch screen]
    [streamer]
    [character mode]
    [terminal]
    , [track ball]
    [pointing device]
    [input device]
    / [input-output device]
    [output device]
    , , [digital still camera, digital camera]
    [screen]

    2.6.

    , [Winchester disk, hard disk]
    [disk geometry]
    , [floppy disk, diskette]
    [recovery disk]
    [Bernoulli disk]
    [track]
    [storage medium]
    [audio track, sound track]
    [region, band]
    - [compact disk (CD), CD-ROM]
    , , , -, [videodisk, optical disk, CD-ROM]
    [magnetic disk]
    [magnetic card]
    () [magnetic tape]
    RAID [redundant array of independent disks (RAID)]
    () [modified frequency modulation (MFM)]
    [laser disk drive]
    [data medium]
    , [disk pack]
    , [card, punch card]
    [packing density]
    [sector]
    - [smart card]
    - [flash memory]

    2.7.

    - () [line printer (LPT)]
    () [backing storage, external storage]
    [external device]
    , [device geometry, geometry]
    , , [graphics tablet, digitizing tablet]
    , [plotter]
    [digitizer]
    [speaker]
    , , [sound board, sound card]
    , SCSI [small computer system interface (SCSI)]
    [cartridge]
    [laser printer]
    [matrix printer]
    [frequency modulation synthesizer]
    , [shared printer, network printer]
    [peripheral device]
    , [printer]
    [network-interface printer]
    [paper feed]
    [equipment profile]
    [scanner]
    [hardware compatibility list (HCL)]
    [ink-jet printer]
    [toner]
    SCSI [SCSI devices]
    [musical instrument digital interface (MIDI)]

    2.8.

    [media stream]
    [voice modem]
    [dual channel controller]
    [data link]
    [communication channel]
    [handshaking]
    , [concentrator, hub]
    , , IRQ [interrupt request lines (IRQ)]
    [link, circuit]
    [backplane, trunk, unibus]
    [router]
    [routing]
    , - [modem]
    [bridge]
    ISDN [ISDN interface card]
    [bandwidth]
    , [network segment, segment (SEG)]
    , , [network card, network board]
    - [socket]
    () [universal asynchronous receiver-transmitter (UART)]
    [bandwidth control]
    -, -, [fax machine]
    - [fax-modem]
    , - [file server]
    [bandwidth]

    2.9.

    ETHERNET [architecture Ethernet]
    [World Wide Web (WWW)]
    , [node]
    [global network]
    [home network]
    , [tree network]
    [tree topology]
    [star network]
    [Internet]
    , , [intranet]
    [cyberspace]
    , [ring network]
    , , [token ring network]
    [bandwidth, communication range]
    [computer communication]
    , , [computer network]
    () [local area network (LAN)]
    [peer-to-peer network]
    [work station]
    , , [star network]
    [wide area network (WAN)]
    [tree network]
    [star network]
    [ring network]
    [data transmission network]
    , [packet switching network]
    , , [token network]
    .323, .323 [.323 network, H.323]
    [bus network]
    , [computer network]
    APPLETALK [AppleTalk]
    ETHERNET [Ethernet]
    EXTRANET [extranet]
    NETWARE [NetWare]
    , SNA, [Systems Network Architecture (SNA)]
    [network topology]
    [traffic]
    [network node, node]
    , , [token bus network]
    , [broadcast network]
    , , extranet [extranet]

    3.

    3.1.

    [abnormal end, abend]
    , [abrupt end, abend]
    [crash]
    , [activation, focus of control flow]
    [activation]
    [active program]
    [atomic]
    [benchmark]
    [spool file]
    [reset]
    , [recovery, regeneration]
    [transient object]
    [fetch time]
    [access time]
    , , [response time]
    [seek time]
    , [running time, execute time]
    [downtime, idle time]
    , [CPU time]
    , [firmware]
    [preemption]
    , [program run, computer run, run]
    [quit]
    [double fault]
    [dynamic program loading]
    [pipeline length]
    [completion, termination]
    [hang-up, starvation]
    [loading]
    [program loading]
    [Amdal's law]
    [program start]
    , [lockout]
    , [named pipe]
    , [installation, setup]
    [executable file]
    [time slice]
    [time slicing]
    , [linking, linkage editing]
    [pipeline]
    [pipelined processing]
    - [master program]
    [computer time]
    , , [machine failure, failure, malfunction]
    [multiprogramming]
    [Unrecoverable application error (UAE)]
    , [unrecoverable error, fatal error, catastrophic error]
    , [rank]
    [processing program]
    [interrupt processing]
    , [program object]
    [expectation]
    [backtracking, undo]
    [batch, package, packet]
    , [batch processing, batch mode]
    [concurrent processing, parallel processing, simultaneous processing]
    [parallel calculation process]
    [rewrite]
    , , [rerun, restart]
    [flow, stream, thread]
    [object flow]
    [control flow, thread]
    [program run, run]
    [process]
    [pool]
    [time sharing]
    [swapping]
    , [pipeline stage]
    [environment, medium]
    [page communication]
    , , [deadlock]
    [log file]
    [background task]
    [emulator]
    [emulation]

    3.2.

    [autonomy program]
    , [process address space]
    [architecture]
    [computer system architecture]
    - [client-server architecture]
    [software architecture]
    , [model driven architecture (MDA)]
    , , [dynamic link library (DLL)]
    [personal library, private library]
    , [program library, subroutine library]
    [library program]
    [library file]
    [release, version]
    [virtual machine]
    [virtual storage, virtual memory]
    [embedded object]
    [dynamic data exchange (DDE)]
    [dynamic modules allocation]
    [dynamic memory allocation]
    [load module]
    , [lock]
    [memory protection]
    , I [message passing interface (MPI)]
    [client]
    [protection key]
    , [component]
    [Component Object Model (COM)]
    [container]
    [root segment]
    [multi-tiered architecture]
    COM [Component Object Model (COM)]
    [object program]
    [Object Request Broker (ORB)]
    [object module]
    , , [overlay program]
    , [overlay structure]
    [overlay modules allocation]
    , PVM [parallel virtual machine (PVM)]
    , [overlay]
    , [platform independence, cross-platform]
    [Distributed Component Object Model (DCOM)]
    [distributed application]
    [resident program, resident software]
    [linked object]
    [object linking and embedding, OLE]
    , , [overlay segment]
    [program segment]
    [server]
    [compound document]
    [static memory allocation]
    [static resource allocation]
    CORBA [Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA)]
    OLE [OLE]
    ACTIVEX [ActiveX controls]

    3.3.

    [agent]
    [authentication]
    [client certificate authentication]
    , - [challenge/response authentication]
    [directory database]
    / [Basic Input/Output System (BIOS)]
    [account lockout]
    [account, user account]
    [interrupt vector]
    [credentials]
    [external interrupt]
    MS-DOS [MS-DOS external command]
    [internal interrupt]
    MS-DOS [MS-DOS internal command]
    [login]
    [preemptive multitasking]
    [logoff, logout]
    [system generation]
    , [OS generation]
    [master file table (MFT)]
    - [globally unique identifier (GUID)]
    [group]
    [daemon]
    [line printer daemon (LPD)]
    [despooling]
    [dynamic resource allocation]
    [virtual memory manager (VMM)]
    [extended memory manager (XMM)]
    [devices manager]
    SCSI [SCSI manager]
    - [data centric]
    [driver]
    [virtual anything driver (VxD)]
    [type-specific driver (TSD)]
    - [miniport driver]
    [port driver (PD)]
    [printer driver]
    - [cyrillic driver]
    [device driver]
    [file system driver (FSD)]
    [loadable driver]
    [operating sistem loading]
    [job]
    [task]
    , , [security identifier, security ID (SID)]
    [impersonation]
    [group name]
    [user name]
    , GDI [graphics device interface (GDI)]
    [application programming interface (API)]
    , MAPI [messaging application programming interface (MAPI)]
    , I [telephony application programming interface (TAPI)]
    FAX SERVICES API [fax services API]
    JTAPI [Java Telephony API (JTAPI)]
    [registry key]
    , [thunk]
    [executive directive]
    , [command processor]
    , [command file, batch file]
    [security configuration]
    [cooperative multitasking]
    [disk caching]
    [password caching]
    [logical device]
    [local group]
    [local computer]
    [user local profile]
    [scalability]
    [metafile] - [mini driver]
    [multitasking operating system]
    [multithreading]
    [national language support (NLS)]
    [multiple boot configuration]
    [inactive program]
    [shell]
    [interrupt handler]
    [task image]
    , , [shareable resource, shared resource]
    [one task operating system]
    , , [system modal message box,system modal dialog box, system modal window]
    () [operating sistem (OS)]
    LINUX ( LINUX), LINUX [operating system Linux (OS Linux), Linux]
    MS-DOS ( MS-DOS), MS-DOS [operating sistem MS-DOS (OS MS-DOS)]
    NETWARE [operating system NetWare, NetWare, Novel NetWare]
    UNIX ( UNIX), UNIX [operating sistem (OS UNIX), UNIX]
    WINDOWS ( WINDOWS) [operating system Windows (OS Windows)]
    [operational environment]
    [print queue]
    , [page fault]
    [interrupt request package (IRP)]
    [thunk]
    -, PIN- [personal identification number]
    [scheduling]
    [scheduler]
    [paging, swapping]
    [printing subsystem]
    [help, prompt]
    [policy]
    [security policy]
    [account policy]
    [access right, access permission]
    [interrupt]
    / [input-output interrupt]
    , [machine-check interrupt]
    [software interrupt]
    [privileged instruction]
    , , [privileged mode, kernel mode]
    [preemptive multitasking]
    , [spooler]
    [program platform, platform]
    [software interrupt]
    [program interface]
    , [pipe]
    [print processor]
    [working set]
    [keyboard layout]
    [memory allocation, storage allocation, memory mapping]
    [resource allocation]
    [raster driver]
    [login, logon]
    , Windows [Registry, Windows Registry]
    , [user mode]
    [resource] , [service] " " [blue screen]
    [security system]
    [time-sharing operating system (TSM)]
    [system library]
    [system area]
    [system program]
    [system message]
    [system file]
    [status word]
    ACTIVE DIRECTORY [Active Directory]
    - [spin lock]
    , [print spooler, spooler]
    [spooling]
    [supervisor]
    [shadow file]
    [breakpoint]
    [hive]
    [universal printer driver, unidriver]
    [media control]
    [access control]
    [memory management]
    [call control]
    , [account, user account]
    [file system]
    IBM- [IBM-PC file system]
    FAT [file allocation table file system, FAT file system]
    HPFS [high-performance file system (HPFS)]
    WINDOWS NT, NTFS [new technology file system, Windows NT file system (NTFS)]
    , [swapping file, swap file, paging file]
    [REG file]
    , - [spool file]
    [encrypting file system (EFS)]
    , [kernel]

    3.4.

    [attribute]
    () [database (DB)]
    [data bank]
    [data interlock]
    , [secondary key, foreign key]
    [data retrieval]
    [domain]
    [commitment, transaction commitment]
    , [record locking]
    [hierarchical database]
    [data source name (DSN)]
    ODBC [ODBC data source]
    [record key]
    [tuple]
    [data model]
    , [secondary key]
    [transaction processing]
    [data entity]
    , [master key, primary key]
    [rollback, transaction rollback]
    [open databases]
    [open database connectivity (ODBC)]
    [committed transaction]
    [distributed database]
    [relational database]
    [replica]
    [database replication, replication]
    [repository]
    [network database]
    [database synchronization]
    () [data base management system (DBMS)]
    , [hierarchical database management system (HDBMS)]
    (), [relational data base management system (RDBMS)]
    , [network database management system]
    [compound key]
    [database scheme, data scheme]
    [transaction]
    [data integrity]
    SQL [Structured Query Language (SQL)]
    [database engine]

    3.5.

    [paragraph]
    , [landscape page orientation]
    , , [spelling checker]
    [dropped capital letter, drop cap]
    , [bullet]
    [vector font]
    [page makeup]
    [header, running head]
    [orphan, widow]
    [inline image]
    , [justify]
    , [word-wrap]
    , [font typeface, typeface, type family]
    , [discretionary hyphen]
    , [artistic text, word art]
    [downloadable font]
    [bookmark]
    [revisions]
    , [small caps]
    [kerning]
    , [portrait page orientation]
    [header, footer, running head, running foot]
    [italic]
    [ruler]
    [bulleted list]
    , [line spacing]
    , [font style, type style]
    [nonprinting characters]
    [footer, running foot]
    , , [crop, cropping]
    [indent]
    , , [form feed (FF)]
    [hyphenation]
    [word processing]
    [underline]
    [bold, boldface]
    [pagination]
    , [font size, type size]
    [page layout]
    [expanded font]
    [insert mode]
    [overtype mode]
    [color management system (CMS)]
    [hidden text]
    [slash]
    [style]
    [thesaurus]
    [Alphanumeric character, information character]
    [condensed font]
    [text formatting]
    [font]
    TRUETYPE [TrueType font]

    3.6.

    [animation]
    [animation path]
    , , , [clip art]
    [air brush]
    , , [color depth, bit depth]
    , , , [bitmap, pixel map, pixel image]
    [vector graphics]
    , , [marquee]
    [callout]
    [bar chart, bar graph]
    , [gray scale]
    [gradient]
    [chart]
    [graphic subsystem]
    [graphics object]
    [graphics primitive]
    [graphic file]
    , [graphics editor, bitmap editor]
    [graphics mode]
    [group]
    [chart]
    [Ming]
    [flood filing, fill, paint bucket]
    , [flip vertical]
    , [flip horizontal]
    [invert color]
    , [graphics tools]
    [chroma]
    [pencil]
    [paint brush]
    , [computer graphics]
    [path]
    [wire frame]
    [Bezier curve]
    [lasso]
    [eraser]
    [legend]
    [image color matcher (ICM)]
    [color saturation]
    [hidden surface]
    [outline]
    [optical character recognition (OCR)]
    [palette]
    [perspective]
    [pixel]
    [eye dropper]
    , [tweening]
    [paint program]
    [drawing program]
    [free rotate]
    [raster]
    , [rasterization]
    [bitmapped graphics, raster graphics]
    , [bitmap image]
    [bitmap file]
    [bitmapped font, raster font]
    [hand]
    [anti-aliasing, smooth]
    [grid]
    [special character]
    [subtractve color]
    [hue]
    [transformation]
    [color]
    [color model]
    [gamut]
    [profile]
    [interlaced loading]
    GIF [interlaced GIF]
    [brightness]

    3.7.

    [carrier sense multiple access with collision detection (CSMA/CD)]
    [multipurpose internet mail extension (MIME)]
    [public area]
    , PING [packet internet groper (PING)]
    POP [post office protocol, POP]
    , [browser, viewer]
    CGI [CGI script]
    WINDOWS SOCKETS, Windows Socket [Windows Sockets (WinSoc)]
    , RIP [routing information protocol (RIP)]
    , [bootstrap protocol (BOOTP)]
    , HTTP [HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP)]
    , LPR [line printer remote clients (LPR)]
    TCP/IP [Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)]
    [Advanced Program-to-Program Communications (APPC)]
    FTP [file transfer protocol (FTP)]
    NETBEUI [network basic input/output system extended user interface (NetBEUI)]
    POP, , [post office protocol (POP)]
    [Point-To-Point Protocol (PPP)]
    SNA [system network architecture protocol, SNA protocol]
    SNMP [Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)]
    SSL [Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)]
    TELNET [Telnet]
    [print server]
    [proxy server]
    [Hypertext Transfer Protocol Daemon (HTTPD)]
    WINDOWS [Windows scripting host (WSH)]
    DNS, [domain name server, DNS name server]
    , [netware]
    [network protocol]
    , [transport protocol]

    3.8.

    () [automated control system]
    [authoring system]
    [antivirus program]
    [applet] [archivator] [knowledge base] [librarian]
    [clipboard]
    [random number generator]
    [hypermedia]
    [hypertext]
    [disk defragmenter]
    [defragmentation]
    [dispatcher, manager]
    [file manager]
    [loader]
    [game program]
    [installer]
    [software tools, tools]
    , [integrated system, integrated package]
    [integrated environment]
    [integrated development environment (IDE)]
    [integrated software]
    [intelligent information system]
    [intelligent tutorial system]
    [intelligent programming system]
    [infected file]
    , [linker, linkage editor]
    [linking loader]
    [computer game]
    , [computer virus, virus]
    [converter]
    [macro virus]
    , MDI [multi-document interface, multiple document interface (MDI)]
    [shell extension]
    - [desktop publishing system]
    [knowbot]
    [shell]
    NORTON COMMANDER [Norton Commander (NC)]
    , , [service program, utility]
    [learning program, on-line tutorial]
    [computer based training system (CBT)]
    [office application]
    () [application program package]
    [warning, alert, alert message]
    [application program]
    [application]
    , [event-driven application]
    WINDOWS [Windows Explorer]
    GNU [GNU]
    , [profiler]
    [workbook]
    [pivot table]
    [voice synthesizer]
    [speech synthesis, speech generation]
    () [computer-aided design (CAD)]
    [word processor]
    [text editor]
    []
    [INF file]
    () [expert system]
    [spreadsheet]

    4.

    4.1.

    [authoring language]
    [aggregation]
    [Ada]
    [Algol]
    [algorithmic language]
    - [hardware independent, device independent]
    [assembler]
    [association]
    - [bytecode]
    [Basic, beginner's all-purpose symbolic instruction code]
    [use case]
    [interaction]
    [visual programming language]
    JAVA [Java virtual machine, JVM]
    [internal language]
    , HPF [High Performance Fortran (HPF)]
    [activity graph]
    [graphical notation]
    [action]
    [actor]
    [activity]
    [Java]
    [interaction diagram]
    [activity diagram]
    , [use case diagram]
    [class diagram]
    [component diagram]
    [collaboration diagram]
    [sequence diagram]
    , [deployment diagram]
    [statechart diagram]
    , [instruction, command]
    [interpretable programming language]
    [source language]
    UML [canonical notation]
    [classifier]
    [Cobol]
    () [operation code]
    [assembly instruction]
    , [unconditional jump instruction, unconditional branch instruction]
    [input instruction]
    [return instruction]
    [output instruction]
    [pause instruction]
    , , [jump instruction, branch instruction]
    [sending instruction]
    [trap instruction]
    , [condition jump instruction, condition branch instruction]
    [compiled programming language]
    [composition]
    [collaboration]
    [lifeline]
    [Lisp]
    [computer instruction]
    [computer operation]
    [computer program, machine program]
    [computer word]
    - [computer independent language]
    - , - [computer-sensitive language, computer-oriented language]
    [computer language, machine language]
    [metalanguage]
    [notation]
    [generalization]
    , OCL [object constraint language (OCL)]
    [window of execution]
    [Pascal]
    [swim lane]
    [behavior]
    - [problem-oriented language]
    [Prolog]
    [intermediate language]
    [pseudocode]
    [programming language semantics]
    []
    ++, [C++]
    [syntax]
    [programming language syntax]
    [stereotype]
    [guard condition]
    , UML [Unified Modeling Language (UML)]
    POSTSCRIPT-, EPS [encapsulated PostScript (EPS)]
    [formalized language]
    -, () [Backus-Naur form (BNF)]
    [Fortran]
    [model element]
    HPGL [Hewlett-Packard graphics language (HPGL)]
    HTML [Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)]
    PERL [practical extraction and report language (Perl)]
    POSTSCRIPT [PostScript]
    SGML, [standard generalized markup language (SGML)]
    UML [UML]
    VISUAL BASIC [Visual Basic (VB)]
    XML, [extensible markup language (XML)]
    [visual modeling language]
    [Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML)]
    , IDL [interface definition language (IDL)]
    [page description language (PDL)]
    [programming language]
    JAVA [Java programming language]
    [high-level programming language]
    , [scripting language]
    [markup language]
    , SDL [specification and definition language (SDL)]
    JAVASCRIPT, JavaScript [JavaScript]
    VBSCRIPT, VBScript [Microsoft Visual Basic scripting edition, VBScript]
    , PCL [printer control language (PCL)]

    4.2.

    , [real constant]
    , [real variable]
    , [real number]
    , , Real [real type]
    , [build-in type, standard type]
    [two-dimensional array]
    [record]
    [index, subscript]
    [logical variable]
    , [Boolean function]
    , [logical operations, Boolean operations]
    [logical type]
    , [logical expression, Boolean expression]
    , [logical value, Boolean value]
    [queue, first in first out (FIFO)]
    , [enumerated type, ordinal type]
    [serial number type]
    , [cast, coercion, type conversion]
    [primitive]
    [derived datatype]
    [dimension]
    [semaphore]
    , [character constant]
    [character variable]
    , , Char [character type]
    [list]
    , [stack, last in first out (UFO)]
    , [string, line]
    [data structure]
    [structured type]
    [data type]
    [print job data type]
    "" [record type]
    [form]
    , [integer variable]
    [integer]
    , [integer type]
    [number]
    [real type number]
    [floating-point number]
    [fixed-point number]
    [integer type number]

    4.3.

    [address reference]
    [argument]
    [arithmetical operations]
    [arithmetic operator]
    [arithmetic IF statement]
    [arithmetic expression]
    , [unconditional branch]
    , , [program block, block]
    [blocking]
    [locking, lockout]
    [file inclusion]
    , [internal block]
    [internal cycle]
    , [external reference, intermodular reference]
    [inline link]
    [return]
    , [nested procedure, standard procedure]
    , [built-in function, standard function]
    [subroutine entry]
    [program entry]
    , [call, subroutine call]
    , [procedure statement, procedure call]
    , [function call]
    [called subroutine]
    [calling program]
    [expression]
    [exit]
    [loop termination]
    [evaluate go to statement]
    , [main program, head program]
    [subscript boundary]
    [bound pair]
    [destructor]
    [joker]
    [procedure header]
    [function header]
    [loop header]
    [print job]
    [comment out]
    , [private class property, private property]
    , [private class method, private method]
    [protected class property, protected property]
    [protected class method, protected method]
    [arithmetic operation character]
    [logical operation character]
    [data value]
    [identifier]
    [tagged value]
    [named arguments]
    [name]
    , [exception]
    [imperative statement]
    [class]
    , , [keyword, reserved word]
    [comment]
    [constant]
    [constructor]
    [literal]
    [local procedure call (LPC)]
    [array]
    [inter modular reference]
    [label]
    [class method, method]
    [owner scope, scope]
    [common block]
    [singleton]
    [one-dimensional array]
    , [unary operation, monadic operation]
    [operand]
    [statement, operator]
    [imperative go to statement]
    [input statement]
    [return statement]
    , [case statement]
    [output statement]
    , [calling statement]
    , [format statement]
    [assignment statement]
    [continue statement]
    , , [procedure statement]
    [conditional go to statement]
    [cycle statement]
    [Fortran loop statement, DO loop]
    [statement brackets]
    - [statement function]
    [GO TO statements]
    , [Pascal loop statements, Pascal loop sentences]
    , [ loop statements, loop sentences]
    [operation]
    , [comparison operation]
    , [declaration, specification]
    [class declaration]
    [array declaration]
    [label declaration]
    [variable declaration]
    [procedure declaration]
    , [type declaration]
    [function declaration]
    , [declarator, descriptor, specifier]
    [public class property, public property]
    [public class method, public method]
    , , [cycle parameter, cycle index, loop variable]
    [control transfer]
    [cross reference]
    [variable]
    [persistent object]
    [subclass] [subroutine]
    [polymorphic operation]
    [labeled statement]
    [sentence, statement]
    [assignment]
    [dummy statement, null statement]
    [fork]
    [broken link]
    [recursive subroutine]
    [recursive procedure]
    [recursive function]
    [class property, property]
    [signature]
    [join]
    [instantiation]
    [compound statement]
    , [argument list]
    , [parameter list]
    [cycle list]
    [reference, link]
    [standard subroutine]
    [superclass]
    [procedure body]
    [function body]
    [loop body]
    [return point]
    [entry point]
    [exit point]
    , [indicator, pointer]
    [control statement]
    , [truncation condition]
    [conditional statement]
    [actual parameter]
    [formal parameter]
    [format] [function]
    [callback function]
    [cycle, loop]
    [cycle with loop variable, cycle with parameter]
    , [repeat-until loop]
    , [while loop]
    , [cycle with a counter, arithmetical cycle]
    , [cyclic process, cycle]
    [class instance, instance]
    , , [array element, subscripted variable]

    4.4.

    [abstract data type]
    [automatic program synthesis]
    [stand-alone program tests]
    - [alpha release]
    - [alpha testing]
    [artifact]
    - [aspect oriented programming (AOP)]
    [infinite loop]
    - [beta-release, beta-version]
    - [beta testing]
    - , [program flowchart]
    [program block structure]
    [program verification]
    [branching]
    [algorithm branch]
    [program branch]
    [virtual function]
    [submachine]
    [internal transition]
    [reification]
    [bottom up programming]
    [global variable]
    [entry action]
    [delegation]
    [demonstration program (demo program)]
    -, JAVA- [Java script]
    [data flow diagram (DFD)]
    , , [add-on module]
    , [software documentation]
    [module stub]
    [final state]
    [patch]
    [loophole]
    [cycling]
    [invariant] [encapsulation]
    , [program testing]
    [source module]
    [iterative loop]
    [complex tests of the program product]
    [finite-state machine]
    [serial algorithm]
    [hook, trap]
    , [logic error, algorithm error]
    [error localization]
    [local variable]
    [metaclass]
    [metamodel]
    [programming methodology]
    [metric]
    [multiple inheritance]
    [model]
    [massage passing model]
    [programming model]
    [modular programming]
    [monitor]
    [inheritance]
    [initial state]
    [nonexecutable statement]
    [application independence]
    [implicit declaration]
    [top-down programming]
    , [scope]
    , [definitional domain]
    , [design pattern]
    [reverse engineering]
    - () [object-oriented programming (OOP)]
    [constraint]
    [optimization]
    [program debugging]
    [deferred event]
    , [program error, malfunction]
    [programming paradigm]
    [parameter passing]
    [trigger]
    [transition]
    [completion transition]
    [post condition] [precondition]
    [object conversion]
    [substitutability principle]
    [programming]
    , , - [event-driven programming]
    [module, program unit]
    [derived element]
    [name space]
    [prototype]
    [program profile]
    [procedure]
    [procedural application]
    [semantic error]
    [syntax construction]
    [syntax error]
    [event]
    [compatibility]
    [downward compatibility]
    [upward compatibility]
    [state]
    [structured programming]
    [script]
    ACTIVEMOVE [ActiveMovie]
    ACTIVEX [ActiveX] [refinement]
    - [flowchart symbol]
    1- [MPl-program]
    MPMD- [multiple progam multiple data (MPMD)]
    PVM- [PVM-program]
    SPMD- [single progam multiple data (SPMD)]

    4.5.

    [requirements analysis]
    [control block]
    [rapid application development (RAD)]
    [waterfall software development process]
    [compilation time, compiling time, compile time]
    [dump]
    [memory dump, dump]
    [screen dump, dump]
    , [descriptor]
    [incremental software development process]
    [interpreter]
    [interpretation]
    [source program]
    [incoming text, source text]
    , [source program text]
    [framework]
    [compiler]
    [compilation]
    [construction]
    [checkpoint]
    [heap]
    , [lexical analyzer, scanner]
    [listing]
    [macro assembler]
    [macro definition library]
    , [macro call, macro instruction, macrocode]
    [macro generator]. To ,
    [macro generation]
    [macro, macro command, macrocode, macro instruction, macro call]
    [macro declaration, macro definition]
    [macro parameter]
    [macro generation]
    [macro program]
    [macro programming]
    , [macro processor, macro generator]
    [macro expansion]
    [macros]
    [macro facility]
    [macro language]
    [garbage]
    [optimizing compiler]
    [checkout compiler]
    [debugger]
    [relocatability]
    , , [program portability]
    [reuse]
    [preprocessor]
    [increment]
    [design]
    [software development process]
    [deployment]
    [printing, listing]
    [implementation]
    [regression testing]
    , [reenterability]
    () [programming system]
    1 [1 programming system]
    PVM [PVM programming system]
    [program development system]
    [directory services]
    [programming environment]
    [translator]
    [program translation]
    [program trace]
    [requirement]
    [configuration management]
    , , [memory cleaning, garbage collection]

    5.

    5.1.

    () [automated working place, workstation]
    [typematic]
    , [autosave]
    [active cell]
    [active window]
    - [character alt-input]
    [failure]
    , [archivation]
    [uppercase]
    [switch on]
    [paste]
    [secondary window]
    [switch off]
    [cut]
    , [hot spot]
    [graphic character]
    [double click]
    [conversational processor]
    , [dialog mode, interactive mode]
    [directive]
    [child window]
    [caret]
    , [key]
    [type writer keys]
    [edit keys]
    [cursor control keys]
    [program product, software]
    , [conflict situation, conflict]
    [device conflict]
    [copy]
    [cursor]
    [numeric keypad]
    [modal dialog, modal window]
    , [update, updating]
    [my documents]
    [my computer]
    [inactive window]
    [lowercase]
    [window]
    [document window]
    [application window]
    [online mode, on-line mode]
    [on-line help, help]
    [option]
    , [divide by zero error]
    , [cache miss]
    [invalid opcode error]
    [overflow error, overrun error]
    [task bar]
    [password]
    , [reboot]
    [document retrieval]
    [authorization, right]
    [prompt]
    [user profile]
    [graphic character]
    [desktop]
    [parent window]
    [session]
    [system software]
    , [system disk]
    [mail merge]
    [special keys]
    [login script, logon script]
    , , [power-on self test (POST)]
    [mouse cursor]
    [control key]
    [control character]
    , [upgrade, upgrading]
    [autoexec file]
    [configuration file]
    , [disk initialization, formatting]
    [function keys]
    [template]
    [screen saver]

    5.2.

    IP [IP-address]
    , [asynchronous connection, asynchronous transmission]
    , [banner]
    [account lockout]
    , [browser]
    WINDOWS NT [browser]
    , [computer account]
    -, WEB, WWW [Web document, WWW document]
    -, WEB- [Web folder]
    -, WEB-, - [Web server]
    -, WEB [Web page]
    , [virtual connection]
    , , [attached file, attachment]
    , [callback]
    [uploading]
    [dedicated line]
    [hyperlink]
    [voice mail]
    [group]
    [point-to-point exchange, point-to-point passing]
    [datagram]
    [domain tree]
    [dynamic routing]
    [dynamic Web page]
    [trust]
    WEB, WWW [Web document, WWW document]
    , , [home page]
    [domain]
    [domain name system (DNS)]
    , [downloading]
    , SET [secure electronic transaction (SET)]
    [call]
    , , DNS [domain name]
    , - [mail exchanger record, MX record]
    [node name]
    , [index]
    -, IP [IP address]
    - [Internet provider]
    -, IP- [IP-telephony]
    , IIS [Internet information server (IIS)]
    [frame]
    [categories]
    [address class]
    [print client]
    - [client-server thelephony]
    [shared exchange]
    [communicator]
    [switching]
    [packet switching]
    [connection switching]
    [end of transmission (EOT)]
    [route]
    [metacomputing]
    [multicasting]
    [moderator]
    -, [bridge-router, b-router, brouter]
    [batch, package, packet]
    [data communication, data transfer]
    , , [acknowledgement (ACK)]
    , - [portal, Web portal]
    [traffic]
    [hit]
    , [service provider, provider]
    [mailbox]
    , [chat]
    [site]
    WEB [Web site]
    , [binding]
    [session]
    , [synchronous connection, synchronous transmission]
    [data transfer rate, bit rate]
    [connection]
    [spam]
    [computer conference, teleconference]
    DYNAMIC HTML [Dynamic HTML technology]
    [tag]
    [remote procedure call (RPC)]
    [remote access]
    , [Uniform Resource Locator (URL)]
    , , , [computer account]
    [hit]
    [quoting]
    [broadcasting]
    [broadcast message]
    [gateway]
    [electronic mail, E-mail]
    [anchor]
    COOKIE- [cookie identification]
    COOKIE- [cookie] COOKIE- [cookie]

    5.3.

    [disk letter]
    [file recovery]
    , [temporary file (temp file)]
    [directory tree, tree]
    [long name]
    [closing of a file]
    [closed file]
    [file protection, file security]
    , [mirroring]
    [mirror set]
    , , [directory, folder]
    [catalogization]
    [cluster]
    [end of file (EOF)]
    , [directory copying]
    [file copying]
    [basket, recycling bin]
    , [root directory, master directory]
    [logical disk]
    [shared folder]
    , [file activation]
    , [active file]
    [files and directories marking]
    [directory rename]
    [file rename]
    , [directory moving]
    , [file moving]
    [subdirectory]
    [file search]
    [pathname]
    [prefix]
    [path]
    [pathname]
    [unpack]
    , [file name extension, extension]
    [backup]
    [file compression, file compaction]
    [hidden file]
    [directory creation]
    [files sorting]
    [save]
    , FAT [file allocation table (FAT)]
    [text file]
    , [current disk, active disc]
    [current disk drive]
    , [current directory, working directory]
    [file type]
    [directory delete]
    [file delete]
    [file]
    , [sequential file]
    , [direct-access file]
    AVI [AVl-file]
    BMP [BMP file] PCX [PCX-file] RTF [RTF file]
    TIFF [TIFF file]
    [file name picture]

    5.4.

    MDI [multi-document interface, multiple document interface (MDI)]
    , , [scroll box]
    [vertical menu]
    [pop-up menu]
    [default option]
    [select]
    [horizontal menu]
    , , [border]
    [graphic dialog]
    [graphic user interface (GUI)]
    [tabbed dialog box]
    [friendly interface]
    , , [icon]
    [zooming]
    [intelligent interface]
    , [user interface]
    ADSI [active directory service interface (ADSI)]
    , , , [quick keys, access keys, hot keys]
    [button, light button]
    [command line]
    [accelerator key, keyboard accelerator, keyboard shortcut, shortcut key]
    [context menu, shortcut menu]
    - [context-sensitive help]
    [scroll bar]
    [wizard]
    [menu]
    , , [pull-down menu]
    , [toolbar]
    [control panel]
    , , [screen panel, panel]
    , [option button]
    , [drag and drop]
    [icon menu, key menu]
    , [submenu]
    [input field]
    [combo box]
    [full screen view]
    [scroll bar]
    - [progress indicator]
    [choice]
    , [working environment, user environment]
    [drop-down list]
    , , [scrolling]
    [list]
    [pick list]
    , [help]
    [menu bar]
    [help line]
    [status bar]
    , [box, text box]
    [checkbox]
    [focus]
    , [form]
    , [frame]
    [color marker]
    [click]
    [control]

    6.

    6.1.

    [conference]
    [gatekeeper]
    [telecommunication]
    [telephony network]
    [telephony application]
    JAVA, JTAPI [Java Telephony API (JTAPI)]
    [telephony server]
    [caller number delivery(CND)]
    [multipoint control unit (MCU)]
    [fax]
    CTI- [CTI board]
    IP- [IP-phone, IP-telephone]

    6.2.

    , [billing]
    [digital certificate]
    [electronic commerce, e-commerce]
    BUSINESS-TO-BUSINESS, 2 [business-to-business e-commerce]
    BUSINESS-TO-CONSUMER [business-to-consumer e-commerce]
    , [digital money]
    [electronic partner, e-partner]
    BUY NOW [buy now control]

    A

    [paragraph]. 1. , . 2. . MS Word <Enter> ( )
    ( ). . ,
    [network abonent, user node]. 1. , . 2. , ,
    , [absolute address, physical address]. 1. , , . . . . . . , , , . . . 2. , . , . . , , . .
    , [abstract class, abstract base class]. C++ , , , . . . . .
    [abstract data type]. , 1970- . . . . , , , , . , . . . һ push ( ) pop ( ) ∀ x ∈ T pop (push (x)) = x. . . . - , ,
    [named pipe]. To ,
    [abstraction]. - . . . . , . . . , . . UML
    [abnormal end, abend]. - , . , , , , . . . . , , , , . .
    , [abrupt end, abend]. - . .
    [alarm]. , . , . . .
    [crash]. . . . . . . . . , .
    ABM [analog computer]. To ,
    [abend, abrupt end]. To ,
    , [autocode, assembly language]. , . . . . , , , . . , . = Y+ Z :
    MOV AX, Y; Y
    MOV BX, Z; Z
    ADD , ; Z Y
    MOV X, ; X
    . . . -
    [automation, automata]. 1. , . 2. ,
    [automation, OLE automation]. 1. . 2. , . . , . ., , . , Microsoft Office , . .
    () [automated training system, computer based training system (CBT)]. , - , . -. , - , , . , , , . , . - . , , . . ( , ), . , . . . ,
    [computer-based training (CBT)]. ,
    , CASE [computer-aided software engineering (CASE), CASE-tool]. , , , , , . , . . . . . . . .
    [automated system]. , . . . . . . , , ,
    () [automated control system]. . , , , . .
    [computer-aided design (CAD)]. .
    () [automated working place, workstation]. 1. , . ( ), . , , , , , . . . , , . , , . - . , . 2.
    [automatic system]. , , . .
    [word-wrap]. To , . .
    [typematic]. , . , <Page Down> , , , . , mode MS-DOS Windows. , . .1 Windows
    [automatic program synthesis]. . . . . . , , . . . , . .., , , , , . . . . . . . . . . , . . , , , , . . . . , . . ., , . .

    . .1. Windows

    , [autosave]. , . . . . Windows, , . , MS Word . .
    , [automation]. ,
    [autonomy program, stand-alone program]. , . , ,
    [autonomy device, autonomy unit]. ,
    [stand-alone program tests]. , , . . . .
    [authorization]. 1. . . . 2. . .
    [authoring system]. To ,
    [authoring language]. , , , ,
    [autosave]. To ,
    [agent]. , , . , .
    [aggregation]. UML , . . :
    [Ada]. , , . , . ., . , 1980 . , -95 1995 . . , . . , . , . , . . , . . , ,
    [adapter]. , . , : . , , . . . . ,
    , , [display adapter, video-adapter, videocard]. , . . . , , . . . . . , . . ., , , ( ), , . . , . . . , , . : , , () (), , . . . . , , . . , . MS-DOS; Windows OS/2 . . IBM PC . ., : EGA (Enhanced Graphics Adapter) . 640 × 350 . 16 64 . VGA (Video Graphics Adapter) . 720 × 400 640 × 480 . 256 . SVGA (Super VGA) VGA. , VGA. 1600 × 1280 . 16,7 . 132 × 50 . ,
    PCMCIA [PCMCIA-adapter]. , (PCMCIA). . A. PCMCIA . , , 8,33
    - () [adaptive differential pulse code modulation (ADPCM)]. . 32 /. -.
    [adaptive system]. , . . . . , Windows
    [adaptively].
    [additive color]. , . . . , . . , . . .
    [ADPCM]. , -
    [administrator]. 1. , . 2. ,
    , [database administrator]. , , . . . . , , , , . , . . . . ,
    [address]. 1. , , . , , . . . . , , , ., . . . . 2. , . 3. ,
    [instruction address]. ,
    [source address]. ,
    IP [IP-address]. 1. , , TCP/IP. , , . A. IP 32- , . A. IP . 2. , -
    [target]. (, , ), , . , . , , . . , , ,
    [addressing]. . . . , , , , . . . , . , . . 1234 1235- , . , , . , , . . , . , . , , , , . , 1200, 300, 1500. , , , . , , , . . . , . , , , , .
    [indexed addressing]. To ,
    [address constant, A-constant]. , , . ,
    [address reference].
    [address bus]. ,
    , [process address space]. , . . . . , . . , ,
    [process address space]. To ,
    [CPU address space]. , . , , . . . . 2n , . , , . , . . . . , , , . . . . . . . , ,
    [address register]. To ,
    [accessory]. . ,
    , [activation, focus of control flow]. 1. To , . 2. . . , ( ). . , . . UML. .
    [activation]. . , . (, , , .)
    [file activation]. To ,
    [active program]. , . .
    [active cell]. , . , , (. .2). . . ,

    . .2. Microsoft Excel

    [active window]. , . , . (. .3) . . , . . , , . .

    . .3. Microsoft Word Microsoft Excel

    [active disc]. To ,
    [active file]. To ,
    [active desktop]. , Microsoft . . . . - ( , . .), WWW (, WWW ). -, Favorites () . . , Windows. . . . -, . , , . . . . , -
    [Algol]. , 1958 . . , . ALGOrithmic Language ( ) . 60 68. 60, - , . , . . 1960 . 60 , , . 60 . 60 . 1966 1969 . 60 68. 60 . , 68 . .
    [algorithm]. , , . : 1) ; 2) , ; 3) , . , . : ; ; 3; . . . . . . . . , , , . . () .
    [algorithmic language]. , , , . . . . , . . . ., . , . . . , . . . . , . . .
    - [character alt-input]. . <Alt> , <Alt> . , . . .-. . (. . .2), 128 ASCII
    [ALU]. To , -
    - () [line printer (LPT)]. To ,
    , [landscape page orientation]. , . .
    - [alpha release]. , -
    - [alpha channel]. 8- , RGB-. 32 , 24 , RGB- ( 8 ), 8 .-. ,
    - [alpha testing]. , . . -
    () [American National Standards Institute (ANSI)]. , , . , , Basic SQL , ANSI
    [American standard code for information interchange, (ASCII)]. , . . . ASCII- , ( ), . . . . ., . 128 , . . . . . . .1. , , , . , # , 010, , 0011. , 0100011. - (. ). , 0100011 # 35. .

    . 1. ASCII ( )
    : NUL ; SON ; STX ; ; EOT ; ENQ ; ; BEL ; BS ; ; LF ; VT ; FF ; CR ; SO ; SI ; DLE ; DC1, DC2, DC3, DC4 1, 2, 3 4 ; NAK ; SYN ; ; CAN ; ; SUB ; ESC ; FS ; GS ; RS ; US ; DEL
    [requirements analysis]. , . . . , ,
    (ABM) [analog computer]. , , , . , ., . , , - , . . . , , . , . , . . ,
    [analog data form]. , , , . . . . . .
    [analog device]. , , . . , . .
    , [analog signal, continuous signal]. . . . , , , . . . . - . . , . . ,
    - , [hybrid computer]. , . , , , , . - . . ,
    - () [analog-to-digital converter (ADC)]. . , , . .
    [animation path]. , (. .4). . ,

    . .4.

    [animation]. . . . ., . . , . ., . . . , . 30
    [antivirus program]. , , , , . . . , . . , . . , . .
    [automated training system]. To ,
    , [hardware]. , . . . , , . . , . ,
    [hardware interrupt]. , , . . , , ,
    - [hardware independent, device independent]. . , .-. ,
    , , [hardware]. , , , , . . . , , , , . . . , , . .
    [hardwired]. . .
    , [hardware block, block]. , . , , , ,
    [hardware key]. . , . . , . . . . , . . . , , ,
    , , [hardware failure, machine failure, failure]. . , . , , , , , , , . .
    [hardware, equipment]. , .
    [applet]. . . WWW, . - -. . Java, Java
    , , , [clip art]. , . , - . . .5 . MS Word

    . .5. Microsoft Word

    [argument]. , , , . .
    - (), () [arithmetic and logical unit (ALU)]. , , . , , , . , . . .
    [arithmetical operations]. , . - . . . . . , . . . : ( +), (), ( *, ), (/) (** ↑). . .: , (+ +) , ( ) (%). , . : , + +( ) , , , , . , =5 b=5, + + b b : =6, b=4. + + b . , . : , , . , =5 = + + =6 =6, = + + = 5, = 6. . , %, , . , 7%3 ( 7 3) 1, 7 = 2%3 + 1
    [arithmetic operator].
    [arithmetic shift].
    [arithmetic IF statement]. , . . . . : IF (A) m1, m2, m3, , m1, m2, m3 . ( < 0), , m1, = 0, , m2, > 0, , m3. , IF (K2) 23, 7, 10 < 2 , 23, K = 2 , 7, > 2 , 10
    [arithmetical cycle]. To ,
    [arithmetic expression]. , , , . , . . : 12.34, ALFA, ( + ) * cos (3.14 * ). . . . . . , : 1) ; 2) ; 3) ; 4) .
    () [arithmetical unit]. To , -
    [automated working place]. To ,
    [artifact]. , (, ). . , , ,
    [archive]. . , , . . . . . . .
    [archivator]. , () (). A. pkzip.exe/pkunzip.exe, arj.exe, rar.exe winzip.exe winrar.exe. : 1) , - ; 2) ; 3) ; 4) ; 5) ; 6) . .
    [archivation]. To ,
    , [archivation]. . .
    [archived file]. 1. , . 2. , . . . . . ,
    [architecture]. , , , . . , ,
    [computer system architecture]. , ,
    - [client-server architecture]. , , , , . . , . .-. . , , . .-. . .-. , . . , ,
    [software architecture]. , , , . .
    , [network architecture]. 1. , , . 2. , . , . SNA
    , [model driven architecture (MDA)]. , . UML. . . .
    , [von Neumann architecture]. , . : ) 1) , - , 2) 3) /; ) ; ) , , , - , , ; ) /
    [computer architecture]. 1. , , , , / . . , . , , . , . 2. ,
    CISC [complex instruction set computing (CISC)]. , . RISC , . A. CISC , , Intel: 8086 80486, Pentium. RISC
    EISA [extended industry standard architecture (EISA)]. To ,
    ETHERNET [architecture Ethernet]. , Xerox 1976 . Intel DEC. A. Ethernet CSMA/CD. A. Ethernet (IEEE) (ISO) IEEE 802.3 ISO 8802.3, Ethernet. . 100 /. 1024
    MDI [multi-document interface, multiple document interface (MDI)]. To ,
    RISC [reduced instruction set computing (RISC)]. , . A. RISC , . , , CISC. A. RISC
    SNA [Systems Network Architecture (SNA)]. To ,
    [asynchronous transmission]. To ,
    , [asynchronous connection, asynchronous transmission]. , , . , . . , . .
    - [aspect oriented programming (AOP)]. , . , . , , . . . . ( ) , , . -
    [assembler].
    [association]. UML , . . ,
    [association for computing machinery (ACM)]. , , ,
    , VESA, VESA [Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA)]. , . 50 . VESA VLB,
    VESA [Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA)]. To ,
    [automated control system]. To ,
    [atomic]. , , . , (, , ).
    [attribute]. 1. , . , , , . . 2. . 3. . 4. UML . - . . .
    [arithmetic unit]. To , -
    [audiovisual]. , , , ,
    , [audio data, audio information]. , , , , . . , . . .
    [audio information]. 1. , . 2. ,
    [authentication]. . . . .
    / [challenge/response authentication]. ,
    [client certificate authentication]. , . , , , , . . ,
    , / [challenge/response authentication]. , /
    [analog-to-digital converter]. To , -
    [LPT]. ,
    [air brush]. , . . .6 Adobe Photoshop . , ., () ( ).

    . .6. , Adobe Photoshop


    () [data base, database (DB)]. , , (). . . , , . , . . , , , , . . , . . . ( ), ( ), ( ) . . . . , , . . , , . . . . . . . .
    [directory database]. , ( , ). . . . Windows NT Workstation User Manager, . . . Windows NT Server User Manager for Domains
    [knowledge base]. , , , . , . . . . . , , , , . . . . , . . . , , , . , . . , , . . . .
    / [Basic Input/Output System (BIOS)]. , . , BIOS , , , . BIOS . BIOS , . , BIOS . , , BIOS
    [abstract base class]. To ,
    [base address]. , , . , . . . . . . . .
    , [base register]. ,
    () [byte]. 1. , 8- . 2. , , 8- . 3. 8- , . , , . 1 = 8
    - [bytecode]. Java
    [bank]. 1. , . 2. , . 3. ,
    [data bank]. , (, , .). . . , . .
    , , [memory bank, bank, memory section]. , . . . . . , . . 0 255, 256 511 . . , , , . . , . . . .
    , [banner]. 1. , . 2. -, - (. .1)

    . .1. - www.gismeteo.ru

    [banner advertising]. - , . , , , . .
    [database (DB)]. ,
    , , [scroll box]. , , . . , . . (. . .4). . ,
    , [unconditional branch]. . , go to m, m ()
    [unconditional branch]. To ,
    [Basic, beginner's all-purpose symbolic instruction code]. , . 1960- . , . , . , , . QBasic Quick Basic . Visual Basic, Windows, , . Microsoft Office Visual Basic for Applications,
    [benchmark]. , . , . , , , , . . LINPACK , .
    - [Beowulf cluster]. , . , NASA 1994 . .-. 16 Intel 486DX4/100 16 , Ethernet.
    [infinite loop]. , . , . . . , . . ,
    , . 1. [public domain]. , . 2. [freeware]. , , , . . . .
    - [beta-release, beta-version]. , -
    - [beta testing]. . - (. . -) , . , , . .-. , . .-. - .
    [dynamic link library (DLL)]. To ,
    , , [dynamic link library (DLL)]. , Windows. . . . . 1) . . . , . . . . . , . . ., . 2) . . . , . . ., , . 3) . . . , , , . . ., . . . . dll
    [subroutine library]. To ,
    [personal library, private library]. , , , , . . ., , . . .
    , [program library, subroutine library]. , , , . ., . . . , , , , , . . . , . . . , , , , . . . . , . . . . . . MFC Microsoft Visual C++. 4.0 200 , . , , , , , . . , , ,
    [librarian]. , . . , , , .
    [library program]. ,
    [billing]. To ,
    [binary operation]. 1. . 2. ,
    . .
    [bit]. 1. . 2. , , ,
    [parity bit]. , . .
    , , [color depth, bit depth]. (), . , 1 , 8 256 , 24 16 777 216
    [bitmap, pixel map]. To ,
    , , , [bitmap, pixel map, pixel image]. , , . . ,
    [block]. 1. , . 2. , . 3. ,
    , [data block, block]. 1. , . 2. , , . . . . , , 512 . 3.
    , , [spelling checker]. , , . . . . , , . . . . , , , , , . . , . .2 MS Word, . . .

    . .2. Microsoft Word

    [memory block, storage block]. , . . . . .
    , , [program block, block]. , ( ). . . , , , , , . , . ., . , , . ., . . ., ,
    [control block]. 1. , . 2. , , . , . . / , /
    [blocking]. 1. . . , , . 2. ,
    [locking, lockout]. , . , . . .
    [account lockout]. , , . . . , .
    [data interlock]. , , . . . ,
    [record locking]. To ,
    [account lockout]. , , . , Windows NT . . . , . . . . .
    , , [hand-held PC (HPC)]. , (. .3). . . , . , . , . . , . . . Windows , . . .

    . .3.

    - , [program flowchart]. , . .-. . . .-. . , (. -). . . , . .4 .-. .

    . .4. -

    [program block structure]. . . . . , ,
    [baud]. , , . , , 1 = 1 /
    [firewall]. , (). .
    [browser]. . , (-), , : 1) ( ), . . ; 2) -; 3) . - Windows Microsoft Internet Explorer Netscape Navigator. , a Netscape Communicator . -. . . ,
    WINDOWS NT [browser]. , Windows NT (browsing) , ( , browsing list). 1) (domain master browser). , . . , . . . () (Primary Domain Controller, PDC), . 2) (master browser). , . . , . 3) (backup browser). , . . . 4) (potential browser). , , . 5) (non browser). , ,
    [browser]. To ,
    [bridge-router, b-router, brouter]. To , -
    [disk letter]. , . , , . .
    [dropped capital letter, drop cap]. , . . .5 ., Microsoft Word

    . .5. Microsoft Word

    [drag and drop]. To ,
    [Boolean algebra]. , : . . . . . . . . .
    [Boolean operation]. To ,
    [Boolean function]. To ,
    [Boolean expression]. To ,
    [Boolean value]. To ,
    , [bullet]. , , . . . . .6 MS Word, . .

    . .6. Microsoft Word

    [buffer]. 1. , . 2. ,
    [clipboard]. Windows, . . . , , . . . , , , . . , , ,
    [buffering]. . . ,
    , [buffer memory, buffer]. . , , . . . . , , , , . . , , . . . , . . . . , ,
    , [front-end processor]. 1. , . 2. , , . .
    [spool file]. , . .
    [rapid application development (RAD)]. , . , , , ,
    [performance, speed]. . , . , , , . , . .
    [computer speed, computer performance]. To ,
    [computer speed, computer performance]. To ,
    [quick keys]. To ,
    [computer account]. To ,
    [account, user account]. To ,


    [data input]. 1. . , , . ., , . . . . . . . 2.
    / [input-output]. ,
    -, WEB, WWW [Web document, WWW document]. HTML. .-. . , , , , .-., . .-. , , , . .-., . .-. - -. . " " .-., "- " , , . .
    -, WEB- [Web folder]. -. - , . .-. -,
    - [portal, Web portal]. To ,
    - [Web site]. To ,
    -, WEB-, - [Web server]. , , . .-. HTTP. .-. -
    -, WEB [Web page]. . -
    [vector]. . . . . . , . . , . . .
    [vector instruction, array instruction]. , (). .
    [vector processor]. , . (). . . , , . . . , CRAY Y-MP C90 128 64- .
    [vector register, V-register]. .
    [interrupt vector]. , . , , , . . . , , , . . ,
    [vector graphics]. . () . . . . , , . , . ., , . .
    [vector font]. , , . . . ., . . . . TrueType
    [credentials]. , - , , . .
    [program verification]. , . . . . . , , , . ( ). , , . , . . , , . ., , , , , . .
    [right significant digits]. N . . ., , N- , . , 78.96 79.00 . . ., . . |79.00 78.96| = 0.04 ≤ 0.1/2 , 0.1 . , , N . . ., N . . . . . . . .
    [release, version]. 1. . , Word 7.0 Windows 95 Microsoft Word Windows 95. , . , , , . , , , , , . . , UML 1.3 UML, , . . , Algol-60 Algol, 1960 . 2. ,
    [page makeup]. , . , . , , . . . , , , - . . . . , , , , .
    [vertical menu]. ( ). (. . .5). .
    [header, running head]. , ,
    [uppercase]. ( , ) . . . , . , . . <Shift>. . . , <Shift> . <Caps Lock> . . <Caps Lock> . .
    [upper memory blocks, UMB]. MS-DOS. . . IBM-
    [branching]. . - . . (. -). , . .1 - , XOY, = + b = + d. ( , = ), . . . ,

    . .1. -

    [algorithm branch]. , . - , . . . . .
    [program branch]. 1. , . 2. , . - . . ,
    , [real constant]. , . .
    , [real variable]. , . . . , () , , . . . : real float double . .
    , [real number]. , . . . , , , . , . . ,
    , , Real [real type]. , . . . , , . , . ., : real float double . , , , . . . ( , , ), . . , . . ., . , Turbo Pascal . .: real, double, extended. . . . , ,
    [deadlock]. To ,
    [interaction]. UML , .
    [backing storage, external storage]. To ,
    [video adapter]. To ,
    , [video data, video information]. , , , . . , . . . , , . . . , , . . . . ,
    [videodisk]. . . , , . , , . . , . , , . . , , VideoCD,
    [video information]. 1. , . 2. ,
    [videocard]. To , . .
    [videocodec].
    [video memory, video RAM, video storage]. , , , . . . , , . . . : . . (), . ( ) . , , , , , , . . . . . (), , . ., . , , . , 1024 , 768 65 536 2 . , , . . . . , . . ( ),
    [videocard]. To ,
    [video system]. , , , . . . , . . . . . , . . , , ,
    [video terminal]. ,
    [scope]. To ,
    [rendering]. . , . , , , , , ,
    [visual programming language]. , . . . . , Windows. , , . , . , , . . . . , . . . . (, , ). . . . , , ( , ). . . . Visual Basic, , Windows
    [Winchester]. To ,
    , , [Winchester disk, hard disk]. , / , . , . , , , . 1973 . IBM . (). . . , . . . / ,
    [virtual machine]. , . , , . . , , , , , , . . . . , (. ), (. ). . . , , . , . . , , . . . , , , , . , . .,
    JAVA [Java virtual machine (JVM)]. , Java. Sun Microsystems : 1) , Java; 2) ( -); 3) - , -. JVM, Sun Microsystems,
    [virtual storage, virtual memory]. 1. , , , . . . , , . , . , . , , . , , , , . . , , . . . , , . 2.
    [virtual function]. , . . . ,
    , [virtual connection]. . . . ,
    [virtual]. , . , , . , , , . , , , .
    [virtual address]. 1. . 2. ,
    [virtual disk]. To ,
    [virus]. To ,
    [orphan, widow]. , ( ). , . : ( orphan) ( widow). , MS Word, . .
    [file inclusion]. . , . , . . #inciude. , . , (getchar () putchar ()), stdio.h, : #inciude <stdio.h>
    [switch on]. . , . .
    [attachment]. To ,
    [submenu]. To ,
    [submachine]. ,
    , [internal block, nested block]. , . . , . . 0, . . 1. , , ( + 1). . . . .2

    . .2.

    , , [attached file, attachment]. , . .
    [internal cycle, nested loop]. , . , , . . , , , :


    . , ,
    [embedded object]. , (-) (-). , Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Word. - - . . . . . . . , (OLE). . . . .
    () [backing storage, external storage]. , . , /. , , , . , . . , , , . .
    [external interrupt]. , . , , , , , , , <Ctrl> <Break>
    [external device]. , , . . . /: , , , , , , . . . .
    [foreign key]. To ,
    MS-DOS [MS-DOS external command]. MS-DOS, . . . MS-DOS (, ) , . . MS-DOS. MS-DOS. , . , , . . MS-DOS command.com , . . . MS-DOS. . . MS-DOS
    [backing storage, external memory]. , /. . . . , . ., .
    , [external reference, inter modular reference]. 1. To , . , , . . , 2. -, -. .
    [internal interrupt]. , . , ,
    [internal transition]. , ,
    [internal language]. , . ,
    MS-DOS [MS-DOS internal command]. MS-DOS, MS-DOS ( command.com). . . MS-DOS . MS-DOS . . MS-DOS , . . . MS-DOS
    [internal memory]. To ,
    [inline link]. , , -. . ,
    [waterfall software development process]. , : , , , . , . . . . . . , . .
    [return]. . .
    [reset]. . , , , . , Reset . .
    , [callback]. , , . . - , . , . . , . .
    [vocoder]. , , ,
    [reification]. - , . . , ? , , . , , . . , .
    , [recovery, regeneration]. , . , . , , , . ., . . , . .
    [file recovery]. . , MS-DOS undelete. Windows . . . .
    [bottom up programming]. , -, . () . . . . .
    [octal number system]. q = 8. 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. , (137)8 = 1 × 82 + 3 × 81 + 7 × 80 = (95)10
    [octal number]. ,
    [transient object]. ,
    , [temporary file (temp file)]. , . . . . . . tmp
    [fetch time]. . . . , , . .
    [execute time, running time, run time]. 1. , , , . , run time error ( ) , () . . . 2. ,
    [access time]. . . . . .
    [compilation time, compiling time, compile time]. 1. , . . . 2. , . , . .
    , , [response time]. . , . . . . . . , . . .,
    [response time]. To ,
    [seek time]. , / . .
    , [running time, execute time]. . , . . .
    [downtime, idle time]. , , . , , , , ,
    [response time]. To ,
    [loop time]. To ,
    , [CPU time]. , . . , , , , , . , . .
    [World Wide Web (WWW)]. . . . , , , . . . , . . . , -. - , , , . . . . . . , . . , . - -. - , , . - , . . , (URL). , . ., (HyperText Transmission Protocol, HTTP). HTTP , , , , . . TCP/IP
    [pop-up menu]. , . . . .
    [paste]. Windows . . , , , . , . .3 MS Word, MS Word. . ,

    . .3. Microsoft Word

    [build-in procedure, standard procedure]. , . , / : Read, Readln, Write, Writeln. . . , . . . , . . . .
    [embedded system]. , . , . , . .
    , [built-in function, standard function]. , . . , cos, sin, . . , . . . . ., . . . .
    [build-in computer]. To ,
    [in-line image]. , . , . .
    , [firmware]. , . . . . . ., , / .
    , IDE [integrated drive electronics, integrated device electronics (IDE)]. ( , CD-ROM, . .), , . . . , . , -, . . .
    , [built-in computer]. , . .
    , , [build-in type, standard type, primitive type]. , . , ,
    [secondary window]. , . , Windows (. .4). . . ,

    . .4.

    , , [secondary key, foreign key]. , ( ). , . .5 , : . , . . .

    . .5. Microsoft Access

    [subroutine entry]. .
    [program entry]. , . .
    , [login, logon]. , . , . . . . . . .
    [input data]. , . .
    [marquee]. To ,
    [default option]. , . , , . .
    [fetching]. , -
    [data retrieval]. ,
    [output]. To ,
    , [data output, output]. , , . ( ), , . . . .
    , [preemption]. . . ,
    [uploading]. . . . . . , . .
    [select, marquee]. 1. Windows , , . , , . , , . , . . .6 Word , , . . , , 2. , . .

    . .6. Microsoft Word

    , , [marquee]. , . . . ( ) , . . .7 Adobe Photoshop . . , , , . .

    . .7. Adobe Photoshop

    [dedicated line]. ,
    , [call, subroutine call]. 1. , : , , . . . , , . 2. , , , , , . : , , . . , , ,
    , [procedure statement, procedure call]. 1. To , . 2. : , , . .
    , [function call]. 1. , . , , , , . , , := x+sin(2*x), . . sin(2*x). sin , 2* . , . . . . . . .: Name (x1, 2, , xn) Name, Name ; x1, 2, , n , . , , , . (, ) , . . , . 2. , : , , , , . .
    [called subroutine]. ,
    [calling program]. ,
    [switch off]. . , . . .
    [justify, alignment]. To ,
    [callout]. , . : , . (. .8)

    . .8.

    , [program run, computer run, run]. . .
    [imperative statement]. To ,
    , [justify]. , . . . , , . . , , , . . , . . . . . , . . , . , . , , . . .9 . MS Word

    . .9.

    , [word-wrap]. , . , , . . . , , MS Word
    [expression]. , (). , . . , . .
    [cut]. Windows . . ,
    , HPF [High Performance Fortran (HPF)]. . HPF 90- . , . . MPI, PVM
    , [preemptive multitasking]. , . . . , . , . .
    [exit]. . . . .
    [quit]. .
    [logoff, logout]. , . , . . . .
    [loop termination]. . . . . , , , , , , ,
    [output data]. ,
    , [computer]. , . : . . .
    [computer network]. To ,
    [computer system]. , . , . .
    , [massively parallel processors system, MPP system]. , . . .
    [computer science, computing machinery]. 1. , . . . 2. , : , , , ,
    , [computer cluster, cluster]. , . . . , . . , : Linux, Windows NT . . . . , . ., , , . , , Ethernet 10 100 /, SCI 500 /. . . (. . 10 ), ( ) . . -
    , () [computer complex, multiple computer complex]. ,
    [calculation process].
    , [node]. , . .
    () [computer center]. , . , -
    [evaluate Go statement]. , :
    GO TO (m1, m2, , mk) , I
    m1, m2, , mk , I . I 1 ≤ I ≤ k, k , . I i, , mi, i- . , GO (10, 7, 22) I 1, 2, 3. I = 1, , 10, I = 2, 7, , , I = 3, 22. , I ≤1 I ≥ k, , GO TO


    , [font typeface, typeface, type family]. , . , , : , , , . , , Times New Roman. (. .1). (. . .1). . ,

    . .1. Times New Roman, Arial Courier New

    [GB]. To ,
    [Gbyte]. To ,
    [random number generator]. , . , , , . 105 . Windows . . ., , [0; 1]. , . . . Microsoft Excel
    , [OS generation]. , . . . . . MS-DOS . . . , config.sys, . Windows win.ini Windows
    [system generation]. , , , , . .
    [geometry]. To ,
    [disk geometry]. , , ( ) ,
    , [device geometry, geometry]. , . , .
    () [hertz (Hz)]. .
    , [heterogeneous computer system]. ( ) , . : 1) ; 2) ; 3) ( ); 4) ; 5) . . . . , , , ,
    , [floppy disk, diskette]. , . (. .2), , , . ( . . . ), / . , , , . . . . , . , . . . . . , . . . . . . ., ( ) : 5,25" 360 (40 9 ); 760 (80 + 80 9 ) 3,5"; : 1,2 (80 + 80 15 ) 5,25" 1.44 , 3,5"; HD (High Density ) 80 , 18 512 . 82 84 , 20 512 , 11 1024 . . . . ( Zip Jaz) , 230 . .

    . .2.

    [hybrid computer]. To , -
    , , [gigabyte]. . 1 = 1024 = 1048576 = 1073741824
    , [GigaFLOPS, GFLOPS]. , . 1 = 103 = 106 = 109
    [hypermedia]. , , . . , , : , , . . . . . .
    [hyperlink]. . . . Windows . . , MS Word . . , . .
    [hypertext]. 1. , , . 2. , . . . , , . . (Help) . . , . . .
    [har chart, bar graph]. , (. .3). . . ., ,

    . .3. , Microsoft Excel

    , [main program, head program]. ,
    [master file table (MFT)]. , Windows NT . . . . , ,
    , [host computer, host]. 1. , . 2. , ,
    [master directory, root directory]. To ,
    [global network]. , (, , ). . . . .
    [global variable]. , . .
    - [globally unique identifier (GUID)]. , , , , . , 128- ,
    [color depth]. To ,
    / [read-write head]. , , . . ./. . , . ./., , , . . ./., , , . . ./. ( ),
    [voice mail]. . . . . .
    [voice message]. ,
    [media stream]. ,
    [voice modem]. , . , . ., ,
    [horizontal menu]. ( ). . ., , (. . .5). . . .
    , [hot spot]. , . , . . .
    [hot spot]. To ,
    [hot keys]. To ,
    , [gray scale]. , , . , 256 . .
    [gradient]. 1. . . 2. , . . . .4 Adobe Photoshop . ,

    . .4. , Adobe Photoshop

    [subscript boundary]. , ( ) ( ) . . ., . , . . , . . . , . , ,
    , , [border]. Windows , , , . , . . , , . . . .1
    [bound pair]. , . . . . ,
    var A: array [1..10, n..m] of real,
    1..10 , 1 10, . . n..m , n, m
    [activity graph]. UML. , . . . . . . -
    [chart]. , . . . .3
    [clip art]. To ,
    [graphic information, graphic data]. , , , , , . .
    [graphical notation]. , : , , . , - . .
    [graphic subsystem]. , . , , . , OpenGL Windows. .
    [graphics tools]. To ,
    [graphics adapter]. , . , . .
    [graphics accelerator]. To ,
    [graphic dialog]. ,
    [graphic user interface (GUI)]. , . . . . , , , , , . . . . . , ,
    [graphics object]. ,
    , , [graphics tablet, digitizing tablet]. , , , , . (, , , . .). . . ( ). . . , , . . , . - , . .
    , [graphics primitive, primitive]. , . , , , , . . . .
    , [graphics editor, bitmap editor]. .
    . . , , . . . , , , . . . .5 . p. Adobe Photoshop

    . .5. Adobe Photoshop

    [graphics mode]. , . . . (), , . . , , , . . , , . , . ., . . . . , IBM, 320 × 200 720 × 480 16 256. 1024 × 768 , 16 . , . .
    [graphic character]. , . , . .
    , [graphics coprocessor, graphics accelerator]. , . . . . . . . . . , , . . , .
    [graphic file]. , . . . . . . . . ., . , . .6 , . .1 . . . . BMP, PCX, TIFF, GIF, JPEG

    . 1.

    . .6.

    , [plotter]. , , . . , , , . () . . (. .7). . . , , , , . . ,

    . .7.

    [group]. 1. Windows (Program Manager). 2. () , (, , ) . .